If “perfect” means lacking nothing proper to the concept, then God made man perfect. Adam lacked nothing proper to the concept of “man,” but he was not therefore perfectly righteous, for righteousness is not the concept of man, but of God. God is perfectly righteous, and he made man righteous, but not perfectly so, free to fall. It is only in the state of grace that man is made perfectly righteous. “the spirits of just men made perfect” (Hebrews 12:23).